Adolescence ushers in a period of growth in the capacity to represent multiple perspectives on the self. The capacity to represent multiple perspectives may increase the risk of detecting self-discrepancies. Results confirmed that self-discrepancy, independent of actual-self positivity, was predictive of internalizing and externalizing problems. For adolescent girls, discrepancy with parental standards predicted functioning, regardless of whether these standards were adopted as their own (identified parental standards) or not (introjected parental standards). Discrepancy with self-standards that were independent from parents also predicted exter~ nalizing problems in girls. For adolescent boys, discrepancy with independent standards, but not parental standards, predicted internalizing problems. Results sug~ gest that the relevance of own versus parental standards for self~regulation is gender specific.
Moretti, Marlene M. and Wiebe, Vanessa J.
"Self-Discrepancy in Adolescence:
Own and Parental Standpoints on the Self,"
Merrill-Palmer Quarterly: Vol. 45
, Article 5.
Available at: http://digitalcommons.wayne.edu/mpq/vol45/iss4/5