Recent studies have suggested the existence of three personality types: resilients, overcontrollers, and undercontrollers. In this article, we searched for subtypes within each of the three main personality types. Using cluster analysis on the Big Five personality self-descriptions of 3,284 Dutch adolescent boys and girls, we distinguished communal and agentic resilients, vulnerable and achieving overcontrollers, and impulsive and oppositional undercontrollers. About two-thirds of the communal resilients and vulnerable overcontrollers were girls; agentic resilients and oppositional undercontrollers were mainly boys. The personality subtypes were further validated on a comprehensive set of self- and peer-reported adjustment measures, including perceived relational support, psychological wellbeing, delinquency, bullying involvement, peer acceptance and rejection, and peer-reported behavior. The personality subtypes were associated with very distinctive adjustment patterns.
Scholte, Ron H. J.; van Lieshout, Cornelis F. M.; de Wit, Cees A. M.; and van Aken, Marcel A. G.
"Adolescent Personality Types and Subtypes
and Their Psychosocial Adjustment,"
Merrill-Palmer Quarterly: Vol. 51
, Article 2.
Available at: https://digitalcommons.wayne.edu/mpq/vol51/iss3/2