This study involved an examination of the role of perceived popularity and social dominance in the social behaviors used within early adolescents’ (N = 387) friendship cliques. A status hierarchy between cliques within each grade (based on peer-rated perceived popularity) and a status hierarchy between individuals within each clique (based on friend-rated social dominance) were delineated. Results revealed that adolescents’ within-clique dominance rank and their clique’s collective perceived popularity status were independently related to their social behaviors used within their cliques and their likability by friends and peers. Levels of aggression were highest within perceived popular cliques and perceived unpopular cliques, whereas levels of prosocial behavior and friend/peer likability were lowest in perceived unpopular cliques. Findings also indicated that aggression toward clique members was associated with social dominance within the clique. However, dominant adolescents using both aggressive and prosocial behaviors within their cliques may be afforded the most social rewards.
Closson, Leanna M.
"Aggressive and Prosocial Behaviors within Early
Adolescent Friendship Cliques:
What’s Status Got to Do with It?,"
Merrill-Palmer Quarterly: Vol. 55:
4, Article 3.
Available at: https://digitalcommons.wayne.edu/mpq/vol55/iss4/3