In the study presented, the development of different fear regulation behaviors and their associations with preceding maternal sensitivity and depression is addressed. A sample of 64 mother-child pairs was examined at the children’s ages of 4, 12, and 30 months. Four-month negative reactivity and 12- and 30- month behavioral inhibition and fear regulation behaviors were assessed using laboratory routines. Maternal sensitivity and depression were assessed by behavior observations and questionnaires, respectively. Four-month negative emotionality preceded 30-month behavioral inhibition. Passive fear-regulation behaviors showed significant continuity between 12 and 30 months but no relations with maternal characteristics. In contrast, active fear-regulation behaviors were significantly related to less maternal depression and high sensitivity but showed no continuity. These associations might reflect a more stable disposition underlying passive fear behaviors and a higher dependence on experience for the active fear behaviors.
Gloggler, Bettina and Pauli-Pott, Ursula
"Different Fear-Regulation Behaviors in Toddlerhood:
Relations to Preceding Infant Negative Emotionality,
Maternal Depression, and Sensitivity,"
Merrill-Palmer Quarterly: Vol. 54
, Article 5.
Available at: https://digitalcommons.wayne.edu/mpq/vol54/iss1/5