The tale of Ko‘olau is connected to a famous incident that is still recalled in Hawai‘i today: in 1893, six months after the overthrow of the Hawaiian kingdom, a family (Kaluaiko‘olau, Pi‘ilani, and their son Kaleimanu) fled into the rugged valley of Kalalau to escape being separated at the hands of the Provisional Government when Ko‘olau and his son, Kaleimanu, were diagnosed with Hansen’s disease. The government sent the police and military equipped with a Howitzer to hunt them down, but the family resisted through Ko‘olau’s marksmanship and their knowledge of the land and forced the government troops to return empty-handed. The story translated here is a legendized allegorical retelling of the story of Ko‘olau’s ancestor, also named Ko‘olau, and his amazing adventures across the Hawaiian islands.
Kuwada, Bryan Kamaoli. "A Legendary Story of Ko‘olau, As Serialized in the Newspaper Ka Leo o ka Lahui, July 11–20, 1893." Marvels & Tales 30.1 (2016). Web. <https://digitalcommons.wayne.edu/marvels/vol30/iss1/7>.