Illustrations, in reinterpreting and extending traditional fairy tales, act as literary fairy tales, adding more images and stories to our culture as they depart from the original source material. Victorian Arthur Hughes through his wood engravings embellished the stories of George MacDonald, as Walter Crane did to Grimm, and both influenced contemporary picture-book artist Maurice Sendak, who copied the look of wood engravings for his versions of Grimm and MacDonald. The restrictions of this improvement over the wood cut created a contrast of light and dark that these artists found appropriate to their readings of Victorian fairy tales.
Bodmer, George. "Arthur Hughes, Walter Crane, and Maurice Sendak: The Picture as Literary Fairy Tale." Marvels & Tales 17.1 (2003). Web. <https://digitalcommons.wayne.edu/marvels/vol17/iss1/7>.