Indigenous peoples are the original stewards of their Native and Ancestral lands—having maintained the balances of their ecosystems since time immemorial. However, as a result of colonization, imperialism, and the mass genocide against Indigenous peoples, environmental systems have been altered and drastically changed. Since western ideologies such as capitalism and western science were introduced, Indigenous stewardships and their knowledge systems have been invalidated and oftentimes, ignored in the environmental and ecological discourse. Their complex nature-culture nexus has been dismissed and suppressed and European men have been given the credit for their discoveries and nuances in the environmental and ecological discourse (Wildcat, D., 2009). As a result, Indigenous peoples have been left out from these conversations.
Hernandez, Jessica and Spencer, Michael S., "The Future of Research Is Indigenous: Culturally Grounding Our Indigenous Scholarship" (2020). Human Biology Open Access Pre-Prints. 172.