Human Biology Open Access Pre-Prints

Document Type


Anticipated Volume


Anticipated Issue



Multiple terms describe Indigenous peoples’ creative expressions, including Indigenous knowledge (IK), traditional ecological knowledge (TEK), traditional knowledge (TK), and increasingly Indigenous data. Variation in terms contributes to disciplinary divides, challenges in organizing and finding prior studies about Indigenous peoples’ creative expressions, and intellectually divergent chains of reference. A decolonial digital feminist ethics of care approach to citation analysis of records about Indigenous peoples knowledge and data, including network analyses of author-generated keywords and research areas, and content analysis of peer-reviewed studies about Indigenous data, reveals ambiguous uses of the term ‘Indigenous data,’ the influence of ecology and environmental studies in research areas and topics associated with IK, TEK, and TK, and the influence of public administration and governance studies in research areas and topics associated with Indigenous data studies. Researchers of Indigenous data would benefit from applying a more nuanced and robust vocabulary, one informed by studies of IK, TEK, and TK. Researchers of TEK and TK would benefit from the more people-centered approaches of IK. Researchers and systems designers who work with datasets can practice relational accountability by centering the Indigenous peoples from whom observations are sourced, combining narrative methodologies with computational methods to sustain the holism favored by Indigenous science and the relationality of Indigenous peoples.