Policies and Submission Guidelines


Any manuscript not following the guidelines below will be desk rejected.

Special note: Film, TV and digital references must follow the Framework style as cited below.

All manuscripts should be submitted via the online submission portal. Make sure that your submitted manuscript is anonymous, including any references to your own work in the main text or endnotes.

Prior Publication

Articles are accepted with the understanding that their content is unpublished and is not proffered for publication elsewhere. If any part of the article has been, or is about to be, published elsewhere, the author must notify the editor upon submission. The authors must have permission to use any copyrighted materials quoted in their article.

Unsolicited Articles

Unsolicited articles should not exceed 10,000 words, including endnotes and references.

Include a 50-word autobiography with your submission upload.


All articles considered for publication will be refereed anonymously.

Writing Style

The essay should be written in clear sentences with an informed and engaging style that examines its subject in depth. There should be little academic jargon or repetition of phrases and all arguments should be incorporated smoothly. Submissions should conform to The Chicago Manual of Style, 17th edition.

Formatting Submissions

  • Texts must be in English.
  • Use American spelling and hyphenation.
  • Use double quotation marks (American grammatical markings).

Interview Information

Use full names for the first two references of interviewer and interviewee. After that, use the initials of first and second name.

Image Specifications


  • All pictures are printed in black & white (in color online).
  • JPEGs must be 300 dpi at actual size or greater. The key phrase is "at actual size." If the images needs to print at 4x5 inches, for example, then the image needs to be 300 dpi at 4x5 inches.
  • Check size using image editing software such as Adobe Photoshop.
  • Check out the pixel dimensions (on a Mac, go to "Get Info" for a JPG or TIF file, and look under the "More Info" tab. There you'll see something like "Dimensions: 1239 x 1113." Divide each number by 300 to see what size this photo will print as: 4.13 x 3.71 inches). Your image needs to be about this measurement so the dpi resolution must be in this measurement range.


Include a separate list of illustration captions. Number captions to correspond exactly to the illustration numbers in the text.

Notes and References

Submissions should conform to The Chicago Manual of Style, 17th edition, Notes and Bibliography Style.

Use Endnotes

Name your endnotes section Notes.

Title Formatting

Books, journals, film, TV shows, plays, long poems, and multimedia are italicized. Articles, papers, short stories, book chapters are in "quotation marks."



First citation includes author; full title; editor, compiler, or translator (if applicable); edition, if not the first; volume (if applicable); series title (if applicable); facts of publication (city, publisher, publication year); page numbers, if applicable; and a URL for Internet sources (if applicable).
Paul Davies, The Fifth Miracle: The Search for the Origin of Life (New York: Simon & Schuster, 1999), 23.

Second and subsequent citations include last name and page number.
EXAMPLE: Davies, 98.

Articles, Papers, Short Stories, Book Chapters

First citation
Leonard J. Leff, "'Come on Home with Me:' 42nd Street and the Gay Male World of the 1930s," Cinema Journal 39, no.1 (1999): 3–22.
Gertrude Smith, "On Alla Nazimova," Moving Picture World (October 21, 1919): 14–17.
Mark Wigley, "Untitled: The Housing of Gender," in Sexuality and Space, ed. Beatrice Colombia (New York: Princeton Papers on Architecture/Princeton Architectural Press, 1992), 300.

References Not Cited in Notes

Any reference not cited in notes should appear in a separate references section. This list should be minimal. Note that book and article formatting are different in references than in endnotes.
Davies, Paul. The Fifth Miracle: The Search for the Origin of Life. New York: Simon & Schuster, 1999.
Leff, Leonard J. "'Come on Home with Me:' 42nd Street and the Gay Male World of the 1930s." Cinema Journal 39, no. 1 (1999): 3–22.

FILM, T.V., and digital references
  • Use a two-letter country code.
  • First citation of film titles are followed by the director's name, film's country of origin (use country codes), and year of release, in parentheses.
  • All title translations follow the original foreign title and a slash.
    EXAMPLE: Le carabiniere/The Riflemen
  • Followed by a parentheses with the director, country of production, and release year.
    EXAMPLE: Touki-Bouki (Djibril Diop Mambety, SN, 1973)
  • If the director and film are referred to within the text, use the following format:
    EXAMPLE: Guy-Blaché's La vie du Christ (FR, 1906)
  • If additional information is needed, use brackets to cite what is necessary.
    EXAMPLE:. . . two American-financed films that were adapted from French novels but shot in Britain, Bitter Victory (Columbia, s. René Hardy, d. Nicholas Ray, 1958) and Bonjour Tristesse (United Artists, s. Françoise Sagan, d. Otto Preminger, 1958) . . .
  • If there are co-productions, use slashes to divide each country.
    EXAMPLE: (FR/CR/CH, 2009)
  • If the film is produced independently, put the director's own country.
  • All references are to be in parentheses ( ) and fall within the sentence's final punctuation.
  • If a film is referred to within an interview, use square brackets [ ].
    EXAMPLE: . . . I was influenced by Near Dark [Katherine Bigelow, US, 1987] . . .
T.V. Titles

Bracket the channel, country of origin, and start and end year. If the show is ongoing, leave the dash open-ended.
EXAMPLE: The Sopranos (HBO, US, 1999–2007)

Foreign T.V. and Web

Original title, followed by English title, director's name, film's country of origin and release year.
EXAMPLE: Befrielsesbilder/Pictures of a Liberation (Lars von Trier, DK, 1982)