Document Type



The purpose of this paper is to present information about goal setting and how strength and conditioning coaches (SCCs) can incorporate goal setting strategies in their training of athletes. This paper presents an overview of outcome, performance, and process goals, and the SMAART framework. Strategies a SCC can utilize are presented to illustrate how to increase the effectiveness of the performance and process goals that informed the program periodization and feedback provided by the SCC. This paper aims to start bridging the gap between SCCs familiarity with goal setting and incorporation of this mental strategy into their communication with athletes about training.


Education | Kinesiology | Sports Sciences


This is the final, peer-reviewed manuscript of an article appearing in Strength and Conditioning Journal, DOI 10.1519/SSC.0000000000000467