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In the current study we examined the relationships between stress predictors, stress, and burnout in female high school athletic directors (N = 52). Significant negative correlations between stress and hardiness and between stress and number of social support providers were found. Significant positive correlations between stress and time concerns, personnel concerns, and program success (e.g., winning) subscales of the athletic directing issues scale were also found. Subjects high in hardiness and with adequate social support networks, who also reported few athletic directing issues, were likely to report minimal stress. Significant positive correlations also indicated that stress was related to the burnout dimensions of emotional exhaustion, depersonalization, and personal accomplishment. Based on our results we supported and extended Kelley’s (1993; 1994) model of stress and burnout with a population of female athletic directors.


Education | Kinesiology | Sports Sciences | Sports Studies


This is this is the publisher's PDF of an article originally published in Women in Sport & Physical Activity Journal, 8(1), 1999, 101-116. Copyright © 1999 Women of Diversity Productions Inc./National Association for Girls and Women in Sport. Archived by permission.