Document Type



The purpose of this study was to examine predictors of social physique anxiety (SPA). SPA, self-esteem, body-esteem, public body consciousness (PBC) and percent body fat (%BF) were assessed with elite female youth athletes (N = 68) competing in either figure skating, soccer or gymnastics. Stepwise multiple regression analyses, controlling for BF%, accounted for 59% of the variance in SPA. Self-esteem entered first, and BF%, followed by body-esteem and PBC. The psychological variables accounted for 57% of the variance with self-esteem contributing the most (R square change = 45%). Contrary to previous research, BF% did not significantly contribute to SPA. Additionally, a MANOVA and follow- up ANOVA and Scheffe's tests revealed significant sport differences among SPA, self-esteem, and body-esteem.


Cognition and Perception | Developmental Psychology | Education | Health Psychology | Kinesiology | Sports Sciences | Sports Studies


This is a reconstructed and formatted version of an article originally published in Women in Sport & Physical Activity Journal, 61), 1997, 29-48. Copyright © 1997 Women of Diversity Productions Inc./National Association for Girls and Women in Sport. Archived by permission.