It is time to extinguish the argument as to whether or not the media of 1983 could, should or would affect learning outcomes. The technological advances that have occurred in the 20 years since Clark sparked the debate and Kozma fanned the flames have made the question irrelevant. High-speed, portable, reasonably priced computers, the Internet, and the World Wide Web have changed the face of how, when, and where learning occurs. The media of 2004 does affect learning. The question is no longer if; the question is how.
Education | Educational Administration and Supervision
Hastings, N. B., & Tracey, M. W. (2005). Does media affect learning: where are we now?. TechTrends, 49(2), 28-30.