Traditionally, grandparents and other family members have assumed integral roles in raising children within American Indian/Alaska Native communities. The existence of an extensive support system assisted parents in passing on to their children the knowledge of customs, culture, and language essential to community survival and well-being. An increasing number of children are now being raised in “grandfamilies,” a type of family constellation where grandparents take on the role of sole or primary caregiver for their grandchildren under eighteen years of age.
Cross, Suzanne; Day, Angelique; and Farrell, Patricia, "American Indian and Alaska Native Grandfamilies: The Impact on Child Development" (2011). Social Work Faculty Publications. 28.