The old gatekeepers of the media sphere—in particular newspapers, tele- vision news, and news magazines—have come under assault, both eco- nomically and intellectually. The Power and the Story: How the Crafted Presidential Narrative Has Determined Political Success from George Washington to George W. Bush was published in 2004, and the idea that the important gatekeepers of political discourse were the journalistic leaders in those media still appeared not only reasonable but self-evident. But in fact the changes that are so obvious today were already well begun, particularly with respect to social media.
"Rumor Has a Hundred Tongues: Narrative in an Age of Disintermediation,"
Storytelling, Self, Society: Vol. 11:
1, Article 2.
Available at: https://digitalcommons.wayne.edu/storytelling/vol11/iss1/2