Research Mentor Name
Dr. James Paxton
Research Mentor Email Address
Institution / Department
Wayne State School of Medicine
Level of Research
“Description of Urban Emergency Department Patients with Elevated D-Dimer Levels”
Anneliese Rademacher, Paige Hammis, Sarah Meram, Elizabeth Dubey MD, Brian Reed, James Paxton MD
Venous thromboembolism (VTE) can cause conditions including deep venous thrombosis (DVT) and pulmonary embolism (PE). D-dimer is an assay used to detect VTE, with a level of 0.5 or higher being a positive result. However, many other factors can influence D-dimer levels. The purpose of our study is to describe the characteristics associated with an elevated D-dimer level among patients treated in two urban emergency departments (EDs).
This is a retrospective study utilizing review of the electronic medical records including D-dimer levels and other data for patients who presented to two Detroit EDs over the course of 2 years. Standard statistical analyses were performed. Exclusion criteria included patients with incomplete registration data or who left without completion of service.
Of the patients who had a positive D-dimer test, 64.58% were female and 88.82% were African American. Patients with a history of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), congestive heart failure (CHF), coronary artery disease (CAD), or cancer were more likely to have a positive D-dimer level (p < 0.001). Only 5.71% of patients with a positive D-dimer had a diagnosis of VTE (p < 0.001).
Although a D-dimer assay can be useful in screening for VTE, our results showed that a positive D-dimer test is not specific for diagnosis of PE or DVT. Other characteristics are associated with an elevated result including a history of CHF, COPD, CAD/MI, and cancer. To avoid unnecessary testing, factors that influence D-dimer levels need to be further researched.
Medicine and Health Sciences
Hammis, Paige E.; Rademacher, Anneliese; Paxton, James MD; Meram, Sarah; Dubey, Elizabeth MD; and Reed, Brian, "Description of Urban Emergency Department Patients with Elevated D-Dimer Levels" (2023). Medical Student Research Symposium. 207.
We extend our gratitude to the Research Design and Analysis Unit at Wayne State University for their assistance with the analysis of this project.