Title

Depression Stigma and Depression Stigma Among University Students: A Five Nation Survey

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Research Mentor Name

David Baron

Research Mentor Email Address

dbaron@westernu.edu

Institution / Department

Western University of Health Sciences

Document Type

Research Abstract

Research Type

globalhealth

Level of Research

no

Abstract

Depression disorders have increased markedly as a source of disability worldwide. These trends are broadly mirrored in the university setting. Moreover, most students do not seek treatment for depression in-part due to social stigma surrounding depression. However, how depression severity and social stigma vary between universities worldwide remains unknown. As a result, this cross-sectional study was performed to determine differences in depressive disorders and stigmatized beliefs between students from five countries. A survey containing Patient Health Questionnaire-9 (PHQ-9) and Depression Stigma Scale (DSS) was distributed to universities in the United States, Taiwan, United Arab Emirates, Egypt, and Czech Republic. Depression, stigmatized of personal views, and stigmatized perceptions about depression were compared between students in each nation using ANOVA and post-hoc Tukey tests. Responses were obtained from the United States (n=593), Taiwan (n=217), United Arab Emirates (n=134), Egypt (n=105), and Czech Republic (n=238). Of 1287 responses, 30.7% screened positive for a depressive disorder. Students from the United Arab Emirates exhibited more depression followed by students from the Czech Republic, Untied States, and Taiwan (p

Disciplines

Clinical Epidemiology | Clinical Psychology | International Public Health | Medicine and Health | Medicine and Health Sciences | Mental Disorders | Social Psychology | Social Psychology and Interaction

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