In conjunction with the "EAST", Drs. Hwalek and Sengstock developed a more extensive instrument for documenting the presence of actual symptoms of elder abuse, neglect, and maltreatment.
This more extensive measure was designed to be used with elderly persons who were actually suspected of being abuse victims, and to provide documentation for use in treatment of these cases, as well as for use in possible legal cases.
Medicine and Health Sciences | Sociology
Sengstock, M. C., & Hwalek, M. (1987). Comprehensive Index of Elder Abuse (2nd ed.). Detroit: SPEC Associates.