This article explores the perceptions of urban African-American and Iraqi refugee adolescents regarding community violence, school violence, family violence and dating/intimate partner violence. A subset of participants from a larger study on violence and trauma was selected to participate in the current study. Using a card-sort exercise, participants identified situations as violent or not violent. Iraqi youth identified noticeably more behaviors as violence than African-American youth. Few significant gender differences emerged. Findings of important cultural differences provide implications for violence prevention programming.
Domestic and Intimate Partner Violence | Social Control, Law, Crime, and Deviance | Social Psychology and Interaction | Social Work
Beverly M. Black , Barbara L. Peterson , Arlene N. Weisz , Poco D. Kernsmith , Linda A. Lewandowski & Krupa K. Hegde (2009) Definitions of Violence: African-American and Iraqi Refugee Adolescents' Perceptions, International Journal of Adolescence and Youth, 14:4, 313-331, DOI: 10.1080/02673843.2009.9748012