Winter Storm Uri was an extreme disaster that impacted much of the United States during February of 2021. Texas and Oklahoma were generally not prepared for such an event and experienced massive power grid failures. This led to cascading risks including water system disruptions and many boil water notices (BWNs). The breakdown of some communication channels and the inability to enact protective actions due to power outages, as well as travel limitations on public roads, complicated both dissemination and implementation. Under these conditions, a non-representative, cross-sectional, survey was collected to assess individuals experience BWNs and how perceived efficacy impacts compliance. The survey was performed in accordance methods approved by Institutional Review Boards at the University of Texas at Tyler (IRB-FY2021-129) and Wayne State University (IRB-21-02-3278 using Qualtrics XM (Qualtrics, Provo, UT). Participants were restricted to adults living in Texas or Oklahoma during February 14 to February 26, 2021 that were at least 18 years of age. Responses from adults (18+ years old) living in Texas and Oklahoma during the Winter Storm Uri were collected March 2 through April 21, 2021. Overall, there were a total of 893 respondents; 775 from Texas, 101 from Oklahoma (including Native American reservations), and 17 respondents that did not identify their location.
886 record dataset, results of survey
WHIRLid: Number identify a unique survey respondent (excluding previews); State: State or Territory; Q5IMPACTEDBYSTORM: Were you in an area impacted by the winter storm during approximately February 14th through the 26th?; Q7BWADURINGSTORM: Was your home under a boil water advisory or notice, or a do not drink order following the winter storm during this time period?; Q11RUNNINGWATER: Since the winter storm, did you experience a loss of running water?; Q12_1ELECTRICITY: During the time of the water advisory did you have: - Electricity to boil water; Q16_1LOWPRESSURE: Identify all of the conditions with drinking water in your home since the winter storm started on February 14th, 2021? - Low pressure/low flow; Q16_3DISCOLOR: Identify all of the conditions with drinking water in your home since the winter storm started on February 14th, 2021? - Discolored (e.g., red water); Q16_4BADSMELLING: Identify all of the conditions with drinking water in your home since the winter storm started on February 14th, 2021? - Water that smelled; Q16_6FROZEN: Identify all of the conditions with drinking water in your home since the winter storm started on February 14th, 2021? - Frozen pipes; Q35BWAPERCEPTIONS1: How would you rate the quality of the water at your faucet?; Q36BWAPERCEPTIONS2: Would you say you are generally satisfied or dissatisfied with the water at your faucet?; Q37rBWAPERCEPTIONS3: In your view, how safe or unsafe is the water at your faucet?; WQPerception: Water Quality Perception Scale based on AWWA Survey (Mean scores of Q35, Q36, and Q37r); RiskPerception: Risk Perception Scale based on Rimal and Real (2003) (Mean of Q38 and Q39); Q38SUSCEPTIBILITY: Susceptibility (Mean of scores from Q38_1SUSCEPTIBILITY1 and Q38_2SUSCEPTIBILITY2 ); Q38_1SUSCEPTIBILITY1: Compared to most people my age, I understand that my risk of getting a water borne disease is:; Q38_2SUSCEPTIBILITY2: The likelihood of my getting a water borne disease is:; Q39SEVERITY: Severity (Mean of scores from Q39_1SEVERITY1 and Q39_2SEVERITY2); Q39_1SEVERITY1: Water borne diseases are serious diseases that can cause harm.; Q39_2SEVERITY2: Water borne diseases are more serious than most people realize; Q40EFFICACYSCALE: Efficacy Scale (Mean of Q40RESPONSEEFFICACY and Q40SELFEFFICACY); RESPONSEEFFICACY: Response Efficacy (Sum of Q40_1-3); Q40_1RESPONSEEFFICACY1: Water advisories work in preventing water borne diseases.; Q40_2RESPONSEEFFICACY2: Following a water advisory is effective in preventing water borne diseases.; Q40_3RESPONSEEFFICACY3: If I follow a water advisory, I am less likely to get a water borne disease.; SELFEFFICACY: Self Efficacy (Sum of Q40_4-5); Q40_4SELFEFFICACY1: I am able to follow a water advisory to prevent getting a water borne disease.; Q40_5SELFEFFICACY2: Following a water advisory is easy to prevent getting a water borne disease.; Q40_6SELFEFFICACY3: Following a water advisory to prevent water borne diseases is convenient.; Q43AGE: Age Group; Q44RACE: Race; MinorInHouse: Does child under 18 live in your household?; GenderGroup: Gender; Q47FAMILYINCOME: Family Income; EducationGroup: What is the highest level of education you have received?; Q49EMPLOYMENT: Employment status
National Science Foundation (NSF) Award #CBET-1832692, Critical Resilient Interdependent Infrastructure Systems and Processes (CRISP) 2.0 Type 2: Collaborative Research: Water and Health Infrastructure Resilience and Learning (WHIRL). Crossref Funders Registry 10.13039/100000001
Author[s] release this dataset under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (CC-BY 4.0, https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which grants the public rights to reuse and redistribute this data provided 1) appropriate attribution is given to the author[s]; and 2) a link to the source of the data and to the CC-BY 4.0 license is included. The authors ask that any users also 3) acknowledge National Science Foundation (NSF) Award #CBET-1832692.
Civil and Environmental Engineering | Environmental Health and Protection | Environmental Public Health | Public Health Education and Promotion | Water Resource Management
Day, Ashleigh M.; O'Shay, Sydney; Islam, Khairul; Seeger, Matthew W.; and McElmurry, Shawn P., "Assessing Boil Water Notices as Health-Risk Communication: Risk Perceptions, Efficacy, and Compliance during Winter Storm Uri" (2023). Open Data at Wayne State. 1.
Civil and Environmental Engineering Commons, Environmental Health and Protection Commons, Environmental Public Health Commons, Public Health Education and Promotion Commons, Water Resource Management Commons