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Date of Award
The current study aimed to investigate rates of agreement between caregivers and youth when reporting on parental warmth, youth internalizing behaviors, and youth externalizing behaviors in a sample of 85 urban adolescents and their caregivers. Further, the current study aimed to investigate the predictive power of caregiver and youth reports of warm parenting, as well as an interaction between caregiver and youth reports, when predicting (1) youth reported internalizing problems at Time 2, (2) youth reported externalizing problems at Time 2, (3) caregiver reported internalizing problems at T2, and (4) caregiver reported externalizing problems at Time 2. Four separate moderated hierarchical regression models were utilized to test these each of these relationships, including the respective Time 1 behavior problems as a control variable. Time 1 behavior problems were the only significant predictors of Time 2 behavior problems when included in the model. Removing Time 1 control variables for post hoc analyses revealed that youth reported warmth (T1) significantly predicted youth reported externalizing problems at Time 2. Further post hoc analyses looking at cross-sectional relationships also revealed a significant interaction between youth and caregiver reports when regressed on youth reported internalizing problems at Time 1. The highest internalizing problems were reported by youth when youth reported low (-1 SD) parental warmth and caregivers reported high warmth (+ 1 SD). In contrast, the lowest internalizing problems were reported by youth at Time 1 when both youth and caregiver agreed on high parental warmth. Overall, parental warmth did not predict a change in behavior problems longitudinally, but the interaction between different levels of agreement on parental warmth showed a significant cross-sectional relationship with youth reported internalizing problems.
Atalla, Mareena, "Caregiver-Adolescent Agreement About Parental Warmth Predicts Youth Behavioral Outcomes" (2020). Wayne State University Theses. 788.