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Date of Award
Civil and Environmental Engineering
This study deals with the flexural behavior of all UHPC and composite UHPC beams prestressed with bonded tendons. Flexural behavior is investigated numerically in terms of the failure mode for each beam type and in terms of the mobilization of material capacity . Stress in pre-stressing strands at the ultimate limit state is predicted using finite element analysis, strain compatibility, as well as closed form equations. It is investigated whether the strain compatibility approach and proposed closed form equations are able to predict with good accuracy the stress in strands at the ultimate limit state. It is determined whether the behavior of a composite bridge constructed with prestressed UHPC beams and a normal strength concrete deck is comparable to that when both the beam and the deck are constructed with UHPC. Various concrete strengths for the deck are investigated to yield a comparable performance with all UHPC construction to result in an economical solution without compromising capacity. For cases that feature all UHPC construction (i.e. the beam and the deck) the mobilization of the material strength at the ultimate limit state is investigated. Failure mode for each case is characterized either as a concrete compression controlled failure, or a concrete tension controlled failure using validated material constitutive models. A proposed design methodology for determining flexural capacity at the ultimate limit state is presented. The proposed methodology is validated using data obtained from over 150 girder sections investigated numerically using validated finite element models, and strain compatibility analysis. The benefits of composite construction featuring a normal weight concrete deck and a UHPC beam are demonstrated by conducting a parametric analysis and monitoring the flexural failure mode and the utilization of material capacity.
Victor, Anthony John, "A Flexural Design Methodology For Heterogenous And Composite Uhpc Prestressed Concrete Beams With Bonded Tendons" (2020). Wayne State University Theses. 781.