Access Type

Open Access Thesis

Date of Award

January 2018

Degree Type


Degree Name



Mechanical Engineering

First Advisor

Omid Samimi-Abianeh


This work investigates the uncertainties in reaction rates of an n-dodecane model on turbulent spray combustion simulations. Six major reactions were found to significantly impact the ignition delay of the mechanism in a 0-D batch reactor model. These reactions’ rates were independently modified and placed into individual mechanisms. These newly developed mechanisms were simulated in a 3-D turbulent spray simulation and a 0-D batch reactor at a pressure of 60 bar and temperatures from 900 to 1100 K. The combustion characteristics (e.g. ignition delays, flame lift-off length, liquid and vapor penetration) of the modified mechanisms were compared to those produced by the original mechanism. The impact of the reaction on the ignition delay timing was different between the 0-D and 3-D simulations, with an average difference of 30%. This indicates that kinetic mechanism validation through ignition delay timing alone is insufficient.