Access Type

Open Access Thesis

Date of Award

January 2017

Degree Type


Degree Name



Mechanical Engineering

First Advisor

Jerry Ku


The EcoCAR3 project is a four-year competition sponsored by General Motors and the U.S. Department of Energy challenging 16 universities teams to reengineer a 2016 Chevrolet Camaro to be a performance plug-in hybrid electric vehicle. A pre-transmission (P2) without clutch parallel architecture was chosen by Wayne State University EcoCAR3 team in Year 3.

The parallel PHEV architecture was modeled by using MATLAB, Simulink and Stateflow for the MIL and SIL environment which was used to test different control strategies. To efficiently distribute the power between engine and electric motor and assess component and system statuses, a hybrid supervisory controller was developed to safely control the interactions between powertrain components.

The thesis details the development of hybrid supervisory controller with emphasis on energy management strategy, a fault diagnosis strategy for safety critical system is also presented in the thesis. A rule-based control strategy is developed to efficiently control hybrid powertrain components in four different operating modes. An optimization based control strategy is then developed to find appropriate torque split between engine and electric motor to reduce the energy consumption in the charge sustaining mode, compared to rule-based control strategy, the optimization based controller effectively reduce the energy consumption on simulated drive cycles.