Open Access Thesis
Date of Award
Past research noted that the community supervision population of the United States has grown at a rate comparable to the incarcerated population. The two-fold purpose of this study was to describe the trend of growth for the community supervision population of the United States at the state- and national-level from 1990-2010, and to quantitatively examine whether race, gender, or region influenced the ratio of individuals under community supervision over incarceration by state. Data were collected from the Bureau of Justice Statistics (BJS) database from four different publications for all 50 states and the District of Columbia. Data were prepared in excel, spv, and sav documents for examination and analysis. The results indicated that gender and region had no influence on the ratio of individuals admitted to community supervision over incarceration. Race was negatively related to the ratio of individuals under community supervision over incarceration by state. Regarding the trend of growth, the community supervision population at the national-level displayed a slow but modest increase; at the state-level, particular locations varied widely in terms of growth.
Bynum, Patricia, "Trends In The Community Supervision Population Of The United States: An Analysis Of Race, Gender, And Region's Effect On Probation And Parole" (2017). Wayne State University Theses. 554.