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In June of 1932, Marmaduke Grove and two compatriots staged a bloodless coup over the Chilean government of Juan Montero. The insurgent junta and the Grove legend have become so entwined over the years that the period has come to be known as "the twelve day Socialist Republic of Marmaduke Grove," but the traditionally history-conscious Left has conspicuously avoided publishing any hard data on that government. Consequently, Grove and the "Socialist Republic" have passed into history as the legend depicts them, unchallenged by historical research. This thesis examines those 12 days in detail through the Chilean journalistic source material. Only by a compilation of the observations of the reporters and diplomats on the scene can a North American hope to adequately test the legend.