Off-campus WSU users: To download campus access dissertations, please use the following link to log into our proxy server with your WSU access ID and password, then click the "Off-campus Download" button below.

Non-WSU users: Please talk to your librarian about requesting this thesis through interlibrary loan.

Access Type

WSU Access

Date of Award

January 2011

Degree Type


Degree Name




First Advisor

Ann M. Stacks

Second Advisor

Ty Partridge


The present study explores cognitive ability and social support as protective factors that promote resilience, in the form of employment, financial status, and education in a sample of 532 formerly maltreated adolescents transitioning into young adulthood. The study employed data from the National Survey of Child and Adolescent Well-Being (NSCAW), a nationally representative, longitudinal study of maltreated children and adolescents who had involvement with protective services. Maltreatment is expected to negatively affect social relationships with caregivers and peers and employment, household income, and education outcomes. Individuals with higher quality relationships and greater social support are predicted to have better transition outcomes. Consistent with the study hypotheses, findings imply that maltreatment type and duration were negatively associated with relationship quality, social support, and transition outcomes. Relationship with caregiver and peers were protective factors associated with competent transitions to adulthood.

Off-campus Download