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First Advisor

Marcus W. Dickson


As organizations globalize and more women occupy leadership positions, how have perceptions of leaders and attitudes toward women leaders changed? The present study seeks to answer this question by investigating the relationship between culture, gender, leadership enactment, and attitudes and perceptions about leaders. Undergraduate students from a public university in the United States and in The Netherlands read leader bio-sketches, composed of newspaper and magazine articles, and rated the bio-sketches on perceived effectiveness. Results indicated that leaders are rated differentially across cultures. Contrary to expectations, women leaders in the U.S. were perceived as being more effective than women in the Netherlands. Men were regarded as being equally effective. Implications and guidelines for future research are discussed.

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