Open Access Dissertation
Date of Award
Biochemistry and Molecular Biology
The signaling mediated by the chemokine receptor CXC chemokine receptor 2 (CXCR2) plays an important role in promoting the progression of many cancers, including pancreatic cancer, one of the most lethal human malignancies. CXCR2 possesses a consensus PSD-95/DlgA/ZO-1 (PDZ) motif at its carboxyl termini, which might interact with potential PDZ scaffold/adaptor proteins. We have previously reported that CXCR2 PDZ motif-mediated protein interaction is an important regulator for neutrophil functions. Here, using a series of biochemical assays, we demonstrate that CXCR2 is physically coupled to its downstream effector phospholipase C-β3 (PLC-β3) that is mediated by PDZ scaffold protein Na(+)/H(+) exchange regulatory factor 1 (NHERF1) into a macromolecular signaling complex both in vitro and in pancreatic cancer cells. We also observe that disrupting the CXCR2 complex, by gene delivery or peptide delivery of exogenous CXCR2 C-tail, significantly inhibits the biologic functions of pancreatic cancer cells (i.e., proliferation and invasion) in a PDZ motif-dependent manner. In addition, using a human pancreatic tumor xenograft model, we show that gene delivery of CXCR2 C-tail sequence (containing the PDZ motif) by adeno-associated virus type 2 viral vector potently suppresses human pancreatic tumor growth in immunodeficient mice. In summary, our results suggest the existence of a physical and functional coupling of CXCR2 and PLC-β3 mediated through NHERF1, forming a macromolecular complex that is critical for efficient and specific CXCR2 signaling in pancreatic cancer progression. Disrupting this CXCR2 complex could represent a novel and effective treatment strategy against pancreatic cancer.
Wang, Shuo, "Cxcr2 Macromolecular Complex In Pancreatic Cancer: A Potential Therapeutic Target In Tumor Growth" (2014). Wayne State University Dissertations. 934.