Access Type

Open Access Dissertation

Date of Award

January 2013

Degree Type


Degree Name



Electrical and Computer Engineering

First Advisor

Harpreet Singh


Digital logic technology has been changing dramatically from integrated circuits, to a Very Large Scale Integrated circuits (VLSI) and to a nanotechnology logic circuits. Research focused on increasing the speed and reducing the size of the circuit design. Residue Number System (RNS) architecture has ability to support high speed concurrent arithmetic applications. To reduce the size, Quantum-Dot Cellular Automata (QCA) has become one of the new nanotechnology research field and has received a lot of attention within the engineering community due to its small size and ultralow power.

In the last decade, residue number system has received increased attention due to its ability to support high speed concurrent arithmetic applications such as Fast Fourier Transform (FFT), image processing and digital filters utilizing the efficiencies of RNS arithmetic in addition and multiplication. In spite of its effectiveness, RNS has remained more an academic challenge and has very little impact in practical applications due to the complexity involved in the conversion process, magnitude comparison, overflow detection, sign detection, parity detection, scaling and division. The advancements in very large scale integration technology and demand for parallelism computation have enabled researchers to consider RNS as an alternative approach to high speed concurrent arithmetic. Novel parallel - prefix structure binary to residue number system conversion method and RNS novel scaling method are presented in this thesis.

Quantum-dot cellular automata has become one of the new nanotechnology research field and has received a lot of attention within engineering community due to its extremely small feature size and ultralow power consumption compared to COMS technology. Novel methodology for generating QCA Boolean circuits from multi-output Boolean circuits is presented. Our methodology takes as its input a Boolean circuit, generates simplified XOR-AND equivalent circuit and output an equivalent majority gate circuits.

During the past decade, quantum-dot cellular automata showed the ability to implement both combinational and sequential logic devices. Unlike conventional Boolean AND-OR-NOT based circuits, the fundamental logical device in QCA Boolean networks is majority gate. With combining these QCA gates with NOT gates any combinational or sequential logical device can be constructed from QCA cells. We present an implementation of generalized pipeline cellular array using quantum-dot cellular automata cells. The proposed QCA pipeline array can perform all basic operations such as multiplication, division, squaring and square rooting. The different mode of operations are controlled by a single control line.