Off-campus WSU users: To download campus access dissertations, please use the following link to log into our proxy server with your WSU access ID and password, then click the "Off-campus Download" button below.

Non-WSU users: Please talk to your librarian about requesting this dissertation through interlibrary loan.

Access Type

WSU Access

Date of Award

January 2022

Degree Type


Degree Name




First Advisor

Debra Schutte


Social isolation is common in older adults and students and is associated with poor health outcomes. While evidence suggests active and yoga interventions improve health, interventions encouraging intergenerational social interaction are limited. The objective was to implement and evaluate a twice-weekly, 6-week, intergenerational yoga intervention delivered virtually. Specific aims included evaluation of feasibility and acceptability, examination of estimates of efficacy on health outcomes, and examination of age cohort effects on feasibility, acceptability, and efficacy. Older adults were recruited through a community activity center and randomized to the control group (N=10) (Mage= 70.05, SD 5.83) or intergenerational older adult treatment group (N=11) (Mage= 72.32, SD= 5.81) with students (N= 12) (Mage= 25.98, SD= 5.64). Older adult outcome measures included Center for Epidemiological Studies Depression Scale (CES-D), PROMIS Social Isolation Scale (SI), Meaning-in-Life Questionnaire, and Tilburg Frailty Index; outcomes for the students included the CES-D, SI, and Image of Aging Scale. Outcomes were assessed at weeks 0, 3, 6, and 12 (6-weeks post-intervention). Attrition was minimal; 81% of older adults and 80% of students received the full intervention. Using the Acceptability of Intervention Measure, 77.8% of older adults and 100% of college-age adults indicated their willingness to participate again. There were no significant intergenerational effects; however, the effects of yoga were in the expected direction. The college student social isolation estimate of efficacy was close to significant (p = .055). While the acceptability and feasibility of the intervention were supported; additional research is needed to strengthen the intergenerational component of the intervention.

Off-campus Download