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Access Type

WSU Access

Date of Award

January 2022

Degree Type


Degree Name




First Advisor

Shanique Brown


As women increasingly make their way into leadership positions in the United States (Huang et al., 2019), their impact on organizational culture remains unclear. This study sought to investigate (a) the extent to which female leaders have differential impact on culture compared to their male peers through different cultural competencies, (b) the effect this impact has on the perceived effectiveness of leaders, and (c) the effect that this impact has on employee levels of engagement. Results of this study overall suggest that although female leaders are perceived as lower on leader cultural competencies, direct reports with female leaders tend to perceive their work cultures more positively. These results describe a disconnect between how female leaders are perceived as influencing culture versus how they actually influence culture. Implications for practice and theory are discussed.

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