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Access Type

WSU Access

Date of Award

January 2020

Degree Type


Degree Name



Curriculum and Instruction

First Advisor

Sandra Gonzales


The study aims to investigate the impact of post-modern curriculum frameworks on adult ESL classroom discourse. In particular, this research documents any changes in the quality of student-to-student and student-to-teacher verbal communication in a group and dyad, respectively, as well as teacher-students interpretive discussion. A class of 15 students at a high intermediate level knowledge of English language and their teacher participated in this study. The study features a mixed-methods approach. The qualitative methods involve class observations, individual in-depth interviews and focus groups. All interviews and focus groups are recorded and transcribed for the analysis. Qualitative analysis is done using Microsoft Office tools, primarily Excel. Statistical Packages for Social Sciences (SPSS 25) software is used to analyze quantitative data collected for the study. The discussion of results and implications portray both qualitative and quantitative evidence, interpretation and connections to the literature.

Key Terms: adult ESL class, William Doll, 4 Rs, post-modern curriculum, classroom discourse, mixed-methods approach, data triangulation

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