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Access Type

WSU Access

Date of Award

January 2020

Degree Type


Degree Name



Instructional Technology

First Advisor

Ingrid Guerra-López


The main objective of this study is to address the research question—how does a sample of internal medicine residents self-evaluate and what, if any, influence does this have on their academic achievement of medical knowledge? The research builds on and extends our understanding of the self-evaluation process through the moderating effects between competency-related beliefs and academic achievement of medical knowledge. The study design is quantitative, cross-sectional survey research using a non-random sample of 58 internal medicine residents at Henry Ford Hospital in Detroit, Michigan. The primary sources for data collection included a study survey that measured competency-related beliefs as a subjective assessment of predicted performance in combination with the Internal Medicine In-Training Examination (IM-ITE), the objective resource. Findings indicate that residents are not very accurate with their self-evaluations. Residents, as a whole, tend to underestimate their performance. A gender difference was exhibited where female residents predicted their performance significantly lower than their male colleagues. Most significantly, actual performance on the IM-ITE was significantly influenced by the relationship with estimation error.

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