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Access Type

WSU Access

Date of Award

January 2019

Degree Type

Dissertation

Degree Name

Ph.D.

Department

Health Education

First Advisor

Dr. Jeffrey Martin

Abstract

In the current study, perfectionism was examined to see if it predicted prosocial and antisocial behaviors in sport, as mediated by moral disengagement and altruism in a sample of 327 wheelchair basketball and wheelchair rugby athletes using Structural Equation Modeling. Athletes’ perfectionism concerns and perfectionism strivings were assessed using the Sport Multidimensional Perfectionism Scale-2, prosocial and antisocial beliefs by the Prosocial and Antisocial Behavior in Sport Scale, moral disengagement was assessed by the Moral Disengagement in Sport Scale-Short, and last, altruism was assessed using the Self-Report Altruism Scale. A series of direct and indirect analyses of the study variables showed significant loadings in positive and negative directions. First, athlete’s perfectionism striving was positively linked with prosocial behaviors and altruism. Perfectionistic concerns were negatively linked with altruism and prosocial behaviors and positively with moral disengagement. Finally, moral disengagement and antisocial behaviors, and altruism and antisocial behaviors were positively linked. Further, positive indirect effects were also found with perfectionism concerns through altruism to antisocial behaviors and perfectionism concerns through moral disengagement to antisocial behaviors. Results provided partial support for the role of perfectionism in predicting pro and antisocial behavior in athletes with a disability as mediated by moral disengagement

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