Date of Award
Jennifer L. Stockdill
This thesis describes the exploration of accessing C-terminally modified and macrocyclic peptides through N-acyl urea (MeNbz) displacement. Prior to this work, the diaminobenzoyl linker was used to access thioesters for native chemical ligation. Only solution-phase displacement of the N-acyl urea with thiol nucleophiles was previously reported.
The N-Me-diaminobenzoyl (MeDbz) linker was initially used to access C-terminal glycine esters, amides, and acids from a single peptide substrate. This led to the total synthesis of Conopressin G and two analogs. The propensity of the C-terminal cysteine residue to undergo epimerization was investigated using this strategy. After optimization, C-terminal cysteine esters, amides, and acids were prepared with no detectible epimerization. This strategy was used toward the total synthesis of alpha-Conotoxin ImI. In addition, amino acids were used as nucleophiles to elongate the C terminus of the peptide, circumventing tedious solid-phase peptide syntheses. Lastly, an on-resin, self-cleaving macrocyclization strategy using an N-terminal cysteine was demonstrated to access conformationally constrained macrocyclic peptides.
Arbour, Christine, "Harnessing The Reactivity Of The N-Methyl Diaminobenzoyl Linker To Access C-Terminally Modified And Macrocyclic Peptides" (2019). Wayne State University Dissertations. 2141.