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Access Type

WSU Access

Date of Award

January 2018

Degree Type


Degree Name



Educational Psychology

First Advisor

Francesca Pernice


The current study examined the contextual perceptions the risk and protective factors of family, peer, school, and community factors. The study examined a sampling of risk and protective factors as variables from the adolescent’s primary contexts (family, peer, school and community) for potentially individual and overlapping roles in an adolescent’s commitment to school. This secondary data analysis of the 2015 Michigan Profile of Healthy Youth was conducted to obtain a better understanding of the ecological influences and strength between such variables. Ninth and eleventh grade students attending a suburban Southwest Michigan school district completed the online survey. A total of 377 (237 ninth grade, 140 eleventh grade) survey responses were examined for the current study. Among the variables, low peer risk factors, peer protective factors, and school protective factors were most strongly associated with a disadvantaged minority adolescent’s commitment to school. Implications for school practices and interventions as well as future research are discussed.

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