Access Type

Open Access Dissertation

Date of Award


Degree Type


Degree Name



Curriculum and Instruction

First Advisor

Dr. Rodolfo Martinez


This study compared perceptions of ethnoviolence experiences among urban middle and high school students in six Michigan public school districts in the County of Wayne. Student participants represented a cross section of a diverse ethnic and racial school population, and were enrolled in grades ranging from the 8th to the 12th grade. The study investigated students' perceptions of ethnoviolence experiences, and analyzed such perceptions based on students' ethnic/racial background, gender and grade level, and length of period the students lived in the United States. The study also examined students' mode of conflict management and their self-reported stress symptoms. The research was descriptive in nature, and incorporated the use of a questionnaire as the primary data collection tool. The results demonstrated lack of significant differences in students' perceptions of ethnoviolence experiences regardless of ethnicity, gender, and length of period students lived in the United States. However, differences existed within grade level comparisons. Additional findings suggested that majority of students would utilize confrontational means in responding to ethnoviolent incidents.