Access Type

Open Access Dissertation

Date of Award

January 2014

Degree Type


Degree Name




First Advisor

David Merolla


The aim of this investigation was to examine the psychometric properties of the Circle of Courage Scale. Data was collected from 51 youth ages 13-17 enrolled in program at Starr Commonwealth a non-profit human services organization headquartered in Michigan. Data was collected over a period of 9 months and used as an aggregate data base. Principal components factor analysis with varimax rotation resulted in a four-factor solution as determined by eigenvalues greater than one, simple structure convergence, item loadings and conceptual clarity. The four components of the Circle of Courage were labeled as Adult/Peer Influence, Belonging, Mastery and Peer Culture. Psychometric properties indicate continuing research is warranted to achieve instrument for program and clinical use.

Included in

Sociology Commons