Open Access Dissertation
Date of Award
Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering
Recently the patient centered medical home (PCMH) model has become a popular team based approach focused on delivering more streamlined care to patients. In current practices of medical homes, a clinical based prediction frame is recommended because it can help match the portfolio capacity of PCMH teams with the actual load generated by a set of patients. Without such balances in clinical supply and demand, issues such as excessive under and over utilization of physicians, long waiting time for receiving the appropriate treatment, and non continuity of care will eliminate many advantages of the medical home strategy. In this research, we formulate the problem into two phases.
At the first phase we proposed a multivariate version of multilevel structured additive regression (STAR) models which involves a set of health care responses defined at the lowest level of the hierarchy, a set of patient factors to account for individual heterogeneity, and a set of higher level effects to capture heterogeneity and dependence between patients within the same medical home team and facility. We show how a special class of such models can equivalently be represented and estimated in a structural equation-modeling framework. A Bayesian variable selection with spike and slab prior structure is then developed that allows including or dropping single effects as well as grouped coefficients representing particular model terms. We use a simple parameter expansion to improve mixing and convergence properties of Markov chain Monte Carlo simulation. A detailed analysis of the VHA medical home data is presented to demonstrate the performance and applicability of our method. In addition, by extending the hierarchical generalized linear model to include multivariate responses, we develop a clinical workload prediction model for care portfolio demands in a Bayesian framework. The model allows for heterogeneous variances and unstructured covariance matrices for nested random effects that arise through complex hierarchical care systems. We show that using a multivariate approach substantially enhances the precision of workload predictions at both primary and non primary care levels. We also demonstrate that care demands depend not only on patient demographics but also on other utilization factors, such as length of stay. Our analyses of a recent data from Veteran Health Administration further indicate that risk adjustment for patient health conditions can considerably improve the prediction power of the model.
For the second phase, with the help of the model developed in first phase, we are able to estimate the annual workload demand portfolio for each patient with given attributes. Together with the healthcare service supply data, and based on the principles of balancing supply and demand, we developed stochastic optimization models to allocate patients to all PCMH teams in order to make balance between supply and demand in healthcare system. We proposed different stochastic models and two solution approaches such as Progressive Hedging and L shaped Benders Decomposition. We described the application of the two mentioned algorithms and finally we compared the performance of the two methods.
Ajorlou, Saeede, "An Analytics Approach To Designing Patient Centered Medical Home" (2014). Wayne State University Dissertations. 1003.