Publication Date



Victims of domestic violence present a challenge to law enforcement and emergency room personnel. The authors propose a helping approach to assist these professionals. This paradigm is composed of: active and empathetic listening, acceptance without judgment, identifying victims’ strengths, honoring victims as experts, and the process of leaving an abusive relationship.

Recommended Citation

Peters, S. W., Trepal, H. C., de Vries, S. M., Day, S. W., & Leeth, C. (2009). Victims of Domestic Violence and Front-Line Workers: A Helping Paradigm, Michigan Journal of Counseling, 36(2), 8-16. doi:10.22237/mijoc/1251763320





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