Extracellular matrix (ECM) remodeling accompanies cell migration, cell-cell interactions, embryo expansion, uterine implantation, and tissue invasion during mammalian embryogenesis. We have found that mouse embryos secrete functional ECM-degrading metalloproteinases, including collagenase and stromelysin, that are inhibitable by the tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinases (TIMP) and that are regulated during peri-implantation development and endoderm differentiation. mRNA transcripts for collagenase, stromelysin, and TIMP were detected as maternal transcripts in the unfertilized egg, were present at the zygote and cleavage stages, and increased at the blastocyst stage and with endoderm differentiation. These data suggest that metalloproteinases function in cell-ECM interactions during growth, development, and implantation of mammalian embryos.
Obstetrics and Gynecology
Brenner CA, Adler RR, Rappolee DA, Pedersen RA, Werb Z. Genes for extracellular-matrix-degrading metalloproteinases and their inhibitor, TIMP, are expressed during early mammalian development. Genes and Dev. 1989;3(6):848-859. doi: 10.1101/gad.3.6.848