Let A be a unital commutative Banach algebra with maximal ideal space Max(A). We determine the rational H-type of GLn(A), the group of invertible n x n matrices with coefficients in A, in terms of the rational cohomology of Max(A). We also address an old problem of J. L. Taylor. Let Lcn(A) denote the space of "last columns" of GLn(A). We construct a natural isomorphism
Ȟs(Max(A);ℚ) ≅ π2n-1-s(Lcn(A)) ⊗ ℚ
for n > ½s+1 which shows that the rational cohomology groups of Max(A) are determined by a topological invariant associated to A. As part of our analysis, we determine the rational H-type of certain guage groups F(X,G) for G a Lie group or, more generally, a rational H-space.
Algebra | Analysis | Geometry and Topology
G. Lupton, N. C. Phillips, C. L. Schochet and S. B. Smith, Banach algebras and rational homotopy theory, Transactions of the American Mathematical Society 361.1 (2009), 267-295.