The Western conception of the individual as a rational, self-directing agent is a mythology that organizes and distorts religion, science, economics, and politics. It produces an abstracted and atomized form of engagement that is fatal to collective self-governance. And it turns democracy into the enemy of equality. Considering the meaning of democracy and autonomy from a perspective that takes the subject as truly social would refocus our attention on the constitutive contexts and practices necessary for the production of citizens who are capable of meaningful self-governance. Under modern conditions, it is in the development of sexual autonomy that we learn how to take initiative with respect to our well-being and do so in concert with others. Where the view of rational agency as the deﬁning characteristic of humanity yields a deracinated view of autonomy, a more realistic, humanistic view that we are, necessarily, social beings yields a view of freedom and self-governance as social phenomena that require empathy, negotiation, compromise, cooperation, and mutual recognition and respect.
Constitutional Law | Ethics and Political Philosophy | Law | Law and Politics | Sexuality and the Law
Steven L. Winter. Reimagining Democratic Theory for Social Individuals. 46 ZYGON: JOURNAL OF RELIGION AND SCIENCE 224 (2011), https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1467-9744.2010.01167.x