Transportation options provide the buyer the right, but not the obligation, to buy or sell transportation capacity at a future date. These options can provide shippers, carriers and logistics companies a significant opportunity to reduce risks and increase capacity flexibility. This paper summarizes some of these benefits, describes a number of issues to be resolved before trading transportation options can become a reality, and presents possible resolutions for these issues.
Lembke, Ronald S., & Rogers, Dale S. (2013). Making transportation options possible. Journal of Transportation Management, 24(1), 63-76. doi: 10.22237/jotm/1364774700