What are the prevalent purchasing strategies used by manufacturing firms to purchase components that are critical to the quality of their most important products? This research reports the findings from data on purchasing strategies collected from 248 companies. The data indicate that although firms seem to be moving away from a transaction-based purchasing strategy towards "partnership" relations necessary for successful just-in-time strategies, firms are likely to embrace one of four hybrid purchasing strategies that on a spectrum would fall somewhere between the two "pure" strategies. These identified strategies offer purchasing managers viable alternatives to moving directly into a just-in-time environment.
Gentry, Julie J., Waller, Matthew A. & Keller, Scott B. (1999). Exploring alternative purchasing strategies: just-in-time or just enough?. Journal of Transportation Management, 11(2), 1-15. doi: 10.22237/jotm/936144120