The Type I error rate of the Kenward-Roger (KR) test, implemented by PROC MIXED in SAS, was assessed through a simulation study for a one between- and one within-subjects factor split-plot design with ignorable missing values and covariance heterogeneity. The KR test controlled the Type I error well under all of the simulation factors, with all estimated Type I error rates between .040 and .075. The best control was for testing the between-subjects main effect (error rates between .041 and .057) and the worst control was for the between-by-within interaction (.040 to .075). The simulated factors had very small effects on the Type I error rates, with simple effects in two-way tables no larger than .01.