Although widely used to assist in evaluating the prediction quality of linear and logistic regression models, residual diagnostic techniques are not well developed for regression analyses where the outcome is treated as ordinal. The purpose of this article is to review methods of model diagnosis that may be useful in investigating model assumptions and in identifying unusual cases for PO and PPO models, and provide a corresponding application of these diagnostic methods to the prediction of proficiency in early literacy for children drawn from the kindergarten cohort of the Early Childhood Longitudinal Study (ECLS-K; NCES, 2000).