Human Biology Open Access Pre-Prints

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The activities of Mongolic-speaking populations, a large group of people in eastern Eurasia, have important impact on the history of East Asia and other parts of Eurasia. Most previous genetic research of East Asian populations, including ancient DNA studies, have involved samples from Mongolic-speaking populations or their ancient relatives. Here, we summarized frequency data of paternal Y-chromosome haplogroups from all available literature about Mongolic-speaking populations from 1999 to 2019. Fourteen paternal components were identified and six of them were proposed as major and common components in ancestor groups of Mongolic-speaking populations. We thoroughly discussed the possible origin, migration patterns, and the roles of these six components in the evolution history of Mongolic-speaking populations. Meanwhile, we discussed the implications of the present achievements of human genetics for multidisciplinary research in ethnology, history, archaeology and linguistics in the future.