The mtDNA haplogroups of 185 individuals from Native American tribes in Northeast North America were determined. A subset of these individuals was analyzed by sequencing hypervariable segments I and IT of the control region. The haplogroup frequency distributions of populations in the Northeast exhibit regional continuity that predates European contact. A large amount of gene flow has occurred between Siouanand Algonquian-speaking groups, probably due to an Algonquian intrusion into the Northeast. The data also support both the Macro-Siouan hypothesis and a relatively recent intrusion of North em Iroquoians into the Northeast. These conclusions are consistent with archaeological and linguistic evidence.
Malhi, Ripan S.; Schultz, Beth A.; and Smith, David G.
"Distribution of Mitochondrial DNA Lineages Among Native American Tribes of Northeastern North America,"
1, Article 2.
Available at: https://digitalcommons.wayne.edu/humbiol/vol73/iss1/2